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Torque plata y azabache

Torque silver and jet

€162.00
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Sterling Silver.

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Spectacular torque handcrafted in sterling silver and jet, with technical Watermark, Designed and manufactured in Spain.

Size: Adjustable.

Whence come the Torque? What are ?, then we tell a little history of these gems:

A torque, also spelled torq or torc (Latin for 'torquing' twist due to the twisted shape of the collar) is a rigid, round collar, which is open at the front, as a circular horseshoe. Typically both ends of the torque had carved ornaments with spheres, cubes or zoomorphic forms, and less often human figures. The body of the necklace was usually but not always, covered. Although the most common were the necklaces, bracelets also existed in this way. The torques were made of interlaced metal strings, usually gold, bronze or copper, and silver in very few cases.

Importantly, because "torc" in Old Irish means "boar", similar to "torcos" Gallo, you can establish a relationship with the sacred value of the animal in Celtic mythology. This would suggest some kind of equivalence between the collar and the animal symbol for death and resurrection.

The torques were used by various peoples of the Bronze Age, from 1000 to. C., until about 300, including the Galatians (or Anatolian Celts), various Germanic tribes of Scythians and Persians. However, it is widely known as a typically Celtic necklace, from the period of La Tene, led mostly by Britons, Gauls and Iberians.

One of the earliest known depictions of a torque is in the Warrior Hirschlanden a statue of a naked ithyphallic warrior made ​​of sandstone, the oldest life-size anthropomorphic representation of the Iron Age found north of the Alps. It was conducted by the Hallstatt culture in the early Iron Age (800-475 BC.) And can be observed in the Landesmuseum in Stuttgart Württembergisches.

The representations of gods and goddesses in Celtic mythology frequently show the use of torques. The famous sculpture of "Galata Dying" [1] Roman copy of a Greek original, depicts a warrior, French, hurt that is naked except for the torque. Examples of this have been found in Britain and Europe during archaeological studies [2]. A striking example is found in the Anglo-Saxon Sutton Hoo mound.

Some authors think that the torque was a feminine ornament for women until the fourth century. C., when an attribute of warriors turned. However, most authors disagree, arguing that they were used as a sign of nobility and high social status: a military decoration awarded to warriors for their deeds in battle and a divine attribute, based on many of gods Celtic take one or more torques. Images have been found god Cernunnos wearing a torque around his neck torcs hanging from his antlers or held in your hand as well as torques in the tombs of Celtic princes.

Because the Roman consul Titus Manlius after a Gallic challenge to a fight and kill him, took his torque and took him long since received the nickname Torquatus (the one with a torque). Thus the Romans adopted the torque as a decoration for distinguished soldiers and elite units during Republican period.

The two major Late Bronze torques found in the Peninsula (and more specifically in the current Extremadura) belong to respective gold jewelry sets, respectively called Treasury Berzocana (Cáceres, 1964) and Treasury Sagrajas (Badajoz, 1970). Both are now in the National Archaeological Museum of Spain, in Madrid.

Also have been notable pieces in Arguedas (Navarra), a Celtiberian necropolis of the second Iron Age (300 BC.), That due to the cremation of the body were found fragmented. Only found one in excellent condition, bronze, with two flattened balls on each end.

Also, on the coast of Lugo solid gold torque, a prominent piece belonging to asturnorgalaico type, dated to the first century Chao should do Castro, City of Burela, and belonged to the White Collection-Cicero, he found the happened to Gil Varela. The characteristics of the torques are the characteristics of this type: circular section rod, coiled wires at both ends thirds and tapered cuffs and Scotland. The middle third has a nice filigree work. Today it is on display at the Museo Provincial de Lugo. It measures 211 mm in diameter and 65 mm length of the auction, with a weight of 1,812 grams of good quality gold (23 karat), weight well above the average weight they used to have Celtic torques, about 500 grams.


Modern torques

The hippie movement of the 60's and 70's back to the torque to fashion, not only as necklaces and bracelets, but also as rings. The torques bracelets are often used today by men and women. Furthermore, the torques are popularly used as pierced ears, nipples, navels and other body parts.

Torque is also the symbol of Saoi, Aosdána highest honor, the Irish organization of artists that can be awarded to any member.

Some European, Celtic Wicca, Asatru and neo-pagan movements neodruidismo recovered old traditions and customs in the use of torques and other decorative accessories.

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